Brazil

Renewable Energy
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Brazil - solar, wind and grid infrastructure map

resources of Brazil using several solar and wind layers shared from leading institutes. The map also puts these

Solar Map from HelioClim3v4-MC for 2005

Oman, brazil, paraguay, uruguay, bolivia, guyana, venezuela, turkey, jordan, lebanon, syria, iran, turmenistan,

Investment opportunities in Latin America

(DLR). Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Cuba, Haiti, Bolivia,

Investment Opportunities in Latin America: Suitability Maps for Grid-connected and Off-grid Solar and Wind Projects

OFF-GRID GW BRAZIL GRID-CONNECTED OFF-GRID GW 215 MEXICO GRID-CONNECTED OFF-GRID GW 0.1 GW USD 226 billion... 1.9 BRAZIL GRID-CONNECTED OFF-GRID GW 173 140 295 211 215 302 338 150 MEXICO 62 GRID-CONNECTED
Renewable Energy
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30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (BRAZIL)

BRAZIL MARKET OVERVIEW Brazil installed 1077 MW of wind power in 2012 to reach a total installed capacity... Today Brazil has a project pipeline for more than 7 GW of wind power by 2016, with a market forecast... makes Brazil the fastest-growing market on the South American continent (Global Wind Energy Council... (MW) of Brazil (GWEC, 2013) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF POLICY in energy demand, particularly in the north-east

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (BRAZIL)

BRAZIL MARKET OVERVIEW Brazil installed 1077 MW of wind power in 2012 to reach a total installed capacity... Today Brazil has a project pipeline for more than 7 GW of wind power by 2016, with a market forecast... makes Brazil the fastest-growing market on the South American continent (Global Wind Energy Council... (MW) of Brazil (GWEC, 2013) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF POLICY in energy demand, particularly in the north-east

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2012 Edition): Chapter (BRAZIL)

BRAZIL MARKET OVERVIEW Brazil installed 578 MW of wind power in 2011 among a total installed capacity... Today Brazil has a project pipeline for more than 7 000 MW of wind power by 2016, with a market forecast... makes Brazil the fastest-growing market on the South American continent. According to the Ministry of... Energy, Brazil has a potential for 143 GW of wind energy5 although this assessment may be revised to

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Figure 1.4 Direct Employment in Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry (2006-2011))

EMPLOYMENT IN BRAZIL’S BIOETHANOL INDUSTRY (2006-2011) 700 600 500 400 Ethanol Processing 300 Sugarcane Harvesting... south-central Brazil, where op- benefits will be relatively limited if outside workers are erations are more

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Figure 1.4 Direct Employment in Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry (2006-2011))

EMPLOYMENT IN BRAZIL’S BIOETHANOL INDUSTRY (2006-2011) 700 600 500 400 Ethanol Processing 300 Sugarcane Harvesting... south-central Brazil, where op- benefits will be relatively limited if outside workers are erations are more

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (3.3 Manufacturing industry sector)

free. Brazil, whose biomass demand are catching up. Biogas power capacity growth is even reached 1.4

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (3.3 Manufacturing industry sector)

free. Brazil, whose biomass demand are catching up. Biogas power capacity growth is even reached 1.4

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (3.3 Manufacturing industry sector)

free. Brazil, whose biomass demand are catching up. Biogas power capacity growth is even reached 1.4

REmap 2030: Full Report: Chapter (Figure 5.17 Current and projected share of renewable energy in the manufacturing industry sector, by country, 2010-2030)

As in Brazil today, charcoal can be used in other countries to substitute coke in- With the right policies,

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Figure 1.3 Worldwide Employment in Solar Heating/Cooling (2005-2011))

States, Brazil and the EU are by the World Bank and the African Development Bank, by far the dominant... seasonally. Brazil’s facturing, and 19 000 in O&M (World Bank, 2011a). sugarcane-based industry is the single... mechanisation in Brazil’s biofuels sector is reduc- ably more labour-intensive than the other technologies. ing
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Financial Mechanisms and Investment Frameworks for Renewables in Developing Countries: Chapter (BRAZIL)

cars in Brazil within a few years. Brazil is a global leader in mandatory blending. Biomass auctions have... player in Brazil’s oil dramatically decreased. sector. As of 2010, 44% of all of Brazil’s Total Primary... cars in Brazil are Brazil as one of the future global wind energy giants. projected to overtake traditional... region in Brazil, with an wind equipment locally if it is to be used in Brazil. As a average record of 6,000

Financial Mechanisms and Investment Frameworks for Renewables in Developing Countries: Chapter (BRAZIL)

cars in Brazil within a few years. Brazil is a global leader in mandatory blending. Biomass auctions have... player in Brazil’s oil dramatically decreased. sector. As of 2010, 44% of all of Brazil’s Total Primary... cars in Brazil are Brazil as one of the future global wind energy giants. projected to overtake traditional... region in Brazil, with an wind equipment locally if it is to be used in Brazil. As a average record of 6,000

Financial Mechanisms and Investment Frameworks for Renewables in Developing Countries: Chapter (BRAZIL)

cars in Brazil within a few years. Brazil is a global leader in mandatory blending. Biomass auctions have... player in Brazil’s oil dramatically decreased. sector. As of 2010, 44% of all of Brazil’s Total Primary... cars in Brazil are Brazil as one of the future global wind energy giants. projected to overtake traditional... region in Brazil, with an wind equipment locally if it is to be used in Brazil. As a average record of 6,000

Road Transport: The Cost of Renewable Solutions: Chapter (Figure 4.6: Sugar cane ethanol producer prices and feedstock costs in Brazil, 2002 to 2012)

costs in Brazil, 2002 to 2012 Sources: CEPEA, 2012 and 2013 and UNICA, 2013. ROAD TRANSPORT: THE COST OF

Road Transport: The Cost of Renewable Solutions: Chapter (Figure 4.6: Sugar cane ethanol producer prices and feedstock costs in Brazil, 2002 to 2012)

costs in Brazil, 2002 to 2012 Sources: CEPEA, 2012 and 2013 and UNICA, 2013. ROAD TRANSPORT: THE COST OF

Road Transport: The Cost of Renewable Solutions: Chapter (Figure 4.8: Other operating costs for ethanol production from corn in the United States and sugar cane in Brazil)

ethanol in Brazil to result in more e cient ethanol conversion should are lower than for corn-based ethanol... Other Brazil - sugar cane Transportation 12 12 Repairs & maintenance Denaturant 10 10 Chemicals Yeasts... - corn Brazil - sugar cane Figure 4.8: Other operating costs for ethanol production from corn in the United... cane in Brazil Sources: APEC, 2010 and Iowa State University, 2013. ROAD TRANSPORT: THE COST OF RENEWABLE

Road Transport: The Cost of Renewable Solutions: Chapter (Figure 4.8: Other operating costs for ethanol production from corn in the United States and sugar cane in Brazil)

ethanol in Brazil to result in more e cient ethanol conversion should are lower than for corn-based ethanol... Other Brazil - sugar cane Transportation 12 12 Repairs & maintenance Denaturant 10 10 Chemicals Yeasts... - corn Brazil - sugar cane Figure 4.8: Other operating costs for ethanol production from corn in the United... cane in Brazil Sources: APEC, 2010 and Iowa State University, 2013. ROAD TRANSPORT: THE COST OF RENEWABLE

Renewable Energy Policy in Cities: Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Case Study: Chapter (COSTS AND FINANCING)

Table 1. Results scenario for the landfill methane capture for the selected period 2010-2016 Methane destroyed/ com- Year busted through project in CO Net quantity of 2 Emission tCH Reductions in tCO electricity expo ted 2e/y r 4/y (UNFCCC tool) MWh/y 2010 15,079 237,473 27,510 2011 12,285 194,588 27,510 2012 10,224 162,409 25,250 2013 8,672 137,586 20,983 2014 7,480 118,506 17,704 2015 6,543 103,515 15,127 2016 5,790 91,475 13,057 Source: http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/SGS-UKL1267696608.78/view ...

Renewable Energy Policy in Cities: Sao Paulo, Brazil, Case Study: Chapter (COSTS AND FINANCING)

across Brazil. ECONOMIC RESULTS Setting up solar energy systems to substitute, at least partially, the

Sugarcane bioenergy in Southern Africa: Economic potential for sustainable scale-up: Chapter (Sugarcane costs in Brazil)

costs in Brazil electricity from sugarcane biomass is basically composed of feedstock production costs... southern Brazil may be processing costs: a useful reference for tropical regions where similar climate... southern Brazil, a detailed methodology was developed its transport to processing plants for conversion... view of Brazil’s rising wage levels. Land cost was pest control, and application of fertiliser. It is
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Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (4.3 �Biomass supply potential and costs in 2030)

estimated in Brazil (39%), followed by France (26%) and Denmark (22%). Biomass-based power generation accounts... generation in Brazil. In Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Ecuador In the total of all REmap countries, the... half of Brazil’s transport sector has biomass, one-third in Indo- nesia and one-quarter in France. The... sectors of Brazil, and waste (37-66 EJ/yr). The remaining supply po- Denmark, Canada and Mexico would be more

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 11: Modern biomass use share in sector TFEC of REmap countries)

India Indonesia Mexico Russia France Brazil US India Canada China Denmark US Brazil Rest of the world

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 17: Annual biomass demand growth estimates between 2010 and REmap 2030)

PJ/yr in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and Russia. The growth in the US in Figure 17: Annual biomass

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Table 7: Biomass demand and supply growth between 2010 and 2030)

PJ/yr in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and Russia. The growth in the US in Figure 17: Annual biomass

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 10: Breakdown of biomass demand of REmap countries in REmap 2030)

India Indonesia Mexico Russia France Brazil US India Canada China Denmark US Brazil Rest of the world

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 12: Breakdown of biomass supply potential estimates by type, 2030)

estimated in Brazil (39%), followed by France (26%) and Denmark (22%). Biomass-based power generation accounts... generation in Brazil. In Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Ecuador In the total of all REmap countries, the... half of Brazil’s transport sector has biomass, one-third in Indo- nesia and one-quarter in France. The... sectors of Brazil, and waste (37-66 EJ/yr). The remaining supply po- Denmark, Canada and Mexico would be more

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 12: Breakdown of biomass supply potential estimates by type, 2030)

estimated in Brazil (39%), followed by France (26%) and Denmark (22%). Biomass-based power generation accounts... generation in Brazil. In Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Ecuador In the total of all REmap countries, the... half of Brazil’s transport sector has biomass, one-third in Indo- nesia and one-quarter in France. The... sectors of Brazil, and waste (37-66 EJ/yr). The remaining supply po- Denmark, Canada and Mexico would be more

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Table 7: Biomass demand and supply growth between 2010 and 2030)

PJ/yr in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and Russia. The growth in the US in Figure 17: Annual biomass

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Figure 17: Annual biomass demand growth estimates between 2010 and REmap 2030)

PJ/yr in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and Russia. The growth in the US in Figure 17: Annual biomass

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (4.3 �Biomass supply potential and costs in 2030)

estimated in Brazil (39%), followed by France (26%) and Denmark (22%). Biomass-based power generation accounts... generation in Brazil. In Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Ecuador In the total of all REmap countries, the... half of Brazil’s transport sector has biomass, one-third in Indo- nesia and one-quarter in France. The... sectors of Brazil, and waste (37-66 EJ/yr). The remaining supply po- Denmark, Canada and Mexico would be more