Germany

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Solar Map from HelioClim3v4-MC for 2005

Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
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30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (GERMANY)

GERMANY MARKET OVERVIEW Germany is the world’s third-largest market for wind. In 2012, the country installed... consumption of Germany (BMU, 2011b). 35 000 31 308 30 000 29 071 25 673 27 097 25 000 23 82622 194 20 578 20... (MW) of Germany (GWEC, 2013) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF POLICY AND the avoided costs. The system was similar... 1980s, Germany’s electricity supply stressed on the need for reducing dependence on energy system was

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (GERMANY)

GERMANY MARKET OVERVIEW Germany is the world’s third-largest market for wind. In 2012, the country installed... consumption of Germany (BMU, 2011b). 35 000 31 308 30 000 29 071 25 673 27 097 25 000 23 82622 194 20 578 20... (MW) of Germany (GWEC, 2013) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF POLICY AND the avoided costs. The system was similar... 1980s, Germany’s electricity supply stressed on the need for reducing dependence on energy system was

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2012 Edition): Chapter (GERMANY)

GERMANY MARKET OVERVIEW Germany is the world’s third-largest market for wind. In 2011, the country installed... consumption of Germany (BMU, 2011b). 35 000 30 000 29 060 25 778 27 191 25 000 23 897 22 247 20 622 20 000 18... (MW) of Germany (GWEC, 2011) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF POLICY AND system was similar to the Public Utility... 1980s, Germany’s electricity supply imports. The initial discussions however focused on using system

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 24: Employment in Germany´s renewable energy sector)

Employment in Germany s renewable energy sector 137,800 Wind energy 121,800 85,700 63,900 126,400 Biomass... commitment to Germany s national omy and making itself felt on the labour market. climate targets and aims to... this, Germany needs related to investments for renewables including exports, to cut an additional 22... doing so, Germany will be making an important contribution towards With this plan, Germany s government

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (3 �Germany’s Energiewende: market frameworks and economic results)

3 GERMANY’S ENERGIEWENDE: MARKET FRAMEWORKS AND ECONOMIC RESULTS Key Points Energiewende: progress... policy in Germany dates back to the 1970s, and the phasing out of nuclear power has been an important driver... mation from Germany’s experiences on how to implement Germany, particularly in the power sector. More than... shares of Germany’s renewable energy policy, to elaborate on the 14 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 9: Cost components of household electricity tariffs in Germany)

tari s in Germany 35 30 28.8 29.1 25.2 25.9 25 23.2 23.7 20.6 21.7 20 16.1 17.2 18.0 18.7 19.5 15 13.9 14.3... only in Germany but worldwide. Thus, (just under half) was related to generation, transmission countries... renewable plant operator’s remuneration or bonus 28 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany EUR ct/kWh

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 24: Employment in Germany´s renewable energy sector)

Employment in Germany s renewable energy sector 137,800 Wind energy 121,800 85,700 63,900 126,400 Biomass... commitment to Germany s national omy and making itself felt on the labour market. climate targets and aims to... this, Germany needs related to investments for renewables including exports, to cut an additional 22... doing so, Germany will be making an important contribution towards With this plan, Germany s government

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 9: Cost components of household electricity tariffs in Germany)

tari s in Germany 35 30 28.8 29.1 25.2 25.9 25 23.2 23.7 20.6 21.7 20 16.1 17.2 18.0 18.7 19.5 15 13.9 14.3... only in Germany but worldwide. Thus, (just under half) was related to generation, transmission countries... renewable plant operator’s remuneration or bonus 28 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany EUR ct/kWh

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (3 �Germany’s Energiewende: market frameworks and economic results)

3 GERMANY’S ENERGIEWENDE: MARKET FRAMEWORKS AND ECONOMIC RESULTS Key Points Energiewende: progress... policy in Germany dates back to the 1970s, and the phasing out of nuclear power has been an important driver... mation from Germany’s experiences on how to implement Germany, particularly in the power sector. More than... shares of Germany’s renewable energy policy, to elaborate on the 14 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 45: Technology and cost breakdown of renewable energy shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry)

of Germany’s industrial renewable energy use is developing electricity-based heating and cooling ... case in Germany. newable electricity and district heat). To achieve REmap shows that, from a business... shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry 35% Substitution Cost (USD/GJ TFEC) 30% Business Government perspective... included in the REmap Options. 90 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany Sector renewable energy share (%)
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IRENA Cost and Competitive Indicators: Rooftop solar PV: Chapter (Germany)

Solar PV: GERMANY INTRODUCTION TO GERMANY’S PV MARKET Germany is a global leader in the deployment of... date in Germany’s energy transition. This progress demonstrates that on the whole, the benefits of energy... renewables in Germany – and of PV in particular – has been driven by clear long- term energy policy goals. These... renewables to Germany’s gross electricity generation grew from 7% to 29%. Solar PV’s share of gross electricity

IRENA Cost and Competitive Indicators: Rooftop solar PV: Chapter (Annex III: Germany)

ANNEX III: GERMANY This annex contains information about data collection, Table 12: Weather data file... station name Germany DEU Germany DEU Germany DEU Germany DEU Germany DEU Koln (INTL) Hamburg (INTL) Berlin... Source: Eurostat, 2016b (reference: Germany). ROOFTOP SOLAR PV 119 www.irena.org Copyright ?IRENA 2017

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 9: Cost components of household electricity tariffs in Germany)

tari s in Germany 35 30 28.8 29.1 25.2 25.9 25 23.2 23.7 20.6 21.7 20 16.1 17.2 18.0 18.7 19.5 15 13.9 14.3... only in Germany but worldwide. Thus, (just under half) was related to generation, transmission countries... renewable plant operator’s remuneration or bonus 28 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany EUR ct/kWh

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 9: Cost components of household electricity tariffs in Germany)

tari s in Germany 35 30 28.8 29.1 25.2 25.9 25 23.2 23.7 20.6 21.7 20 16.1 17.2 18.0 18.7 19.5 15 13.9 14.3... only in Germany but worldwide. Thus, (just under half) was related to generation, transmission countries... renewable plant operator’s remuneration or bonus 28 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany EUR ct/kWh

IRENA Cost and Competitive Indicators: Rooftop solar PV: Chapter (Major Metropolitan Areas in Germany)

AREAS IN GERMANY SUMMARY LCOE RESULTS discussed. Based on the median capital costs, the LCOE results... areas in Germany has been calculated This amounts to a 66% LCOE reduction during the period on the basis... locations in Germany 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 6 Q1 201 Q1 201 Q1 201 Q1 201 Q1 201 Q1 201 Q1 201... Annex III: Germany for a more detailed discussion of the methodology. 55 Ranges are calculated using the

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 45: Technology and cost breakdown of renewable energy shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry)

of Germany’s industrial renewable energy use is developing electricity-based heating and cooling ... case in Germany. newable electricity and district heat). To achieve REmap shows that, from a business... shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry 35% Substitution Cost (USD/GJ TFEC) 30% Business Government perspective... included in the REmap Options. 90 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany Sector renewable energy share (%)

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 42: Technology and cost breakdown of renewable energy shares in Germany’s transport sector)

shares in Germany’s transport sector Substitution Cost (USD/GJ TFEC) 20% Business Governmentperspective perspective... Prospects: Germany Sector renewable energy share (%) Despite this significant increase in EVs, their is... backbone of Germany’s economy. has a high level of industrial heat integration, such as The country’s industry... employed in Germany’s manufacturing industry as well, 43). Energy-intensive sectors include chemicals and

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 45: Technology and cost breakdown of renewable energy shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry)

of Germany’s industrial renewable energy use is developing electricity-based heating and cooling ... case in Germany. newable electricity and district heat). To achieve REmap shows that, from a business... shares in Germany’s manufacturing industry 35% Substitution Cost (USD/GJ TFEC) 30% Business Government perspective... included in the REmap Options. 90 Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany Sector renewable energy share (%)

REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany: Chapter (Figure 42: Technology and cost breakdown of renewable energy shares in Germany’s transport sector)

shares in Germany’s transport sector Substitution Cost (USD/GJ TFEC) 20% Business Governmentperspective perspective... Prospects: Germany Sector renewable energy share (%) Despite this significant increase in EVs, their is... backbone of Germany’s economy. has a high level of industrial heat integration, such as The country’s industry... employed in Germany’s manufacturing industry as well, 43). Energy-intensive sectors include chemicals and

The Power to Change: Solar and Wind Cost Reduction Potential to 2025: Chapter (Figure 10: Technical BoS cost-reduction potential for Germany and global estimate by source, 2015-2025)

POTENTIAL FOR GERMANY AND GLOBAL ESTIMATE BY SOURCE, 2015-2025 Germany Global Share of reduction 1 .1 1 00% 1... 2015 2025 Germany Global Source: deea, 2016 and IRENA analysis. depending on deployment By crystalline
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REmap, Renewable Energy Prospects: Germany

2015 GERMANY RENEWABLE ENERGY PROSPECTS: RENEWABLE ENERGY PROSPECTS: GERMANY Copyright IRENA 2015... markets. Germany’s progress to date Germany has seen tremendous growth in renewable power generation capacity.... 2013 Germany Germany Germany France UK Texas 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 EUR ct / kWh Households... installed in Germany. Germany s Energiewende: the global context Since the late 1990s, Germany has played

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 13: REmap cost supply curve for Germany*)

curve for Germany* Old capacity New, non-renewable capacity Biowaste CHP, old networks Geothermal district

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 25: Levelised cost of heating in Germany, 2030)

heating in Germany, 2030 Decentralised heating technologies - Germany Decentralised solar heating Decentralised... technologies - Germany Electric boilers Biogas boilers Biogas CHP Natural gas CHP Biomass CHP plants Geothermal

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 25: Levelised cost of heating in Germany, 2030)

heating in Germany, 2030 Decentralised heating technologies - Germany Decentralised solar heating Decentralised... technologies - Germany Electric boilers Biogas boilers Biogas CHP Natural gas CHP Biomass CHP plants Geothermal

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 13: REmap cost supply curve for Germany*)

curve for Germany* Old capacity New, non-renewable capacity Biowaste CHP, old networks Geothermal district

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 25: Levelised cost of heating in Germany, 2030)

heating in Germany, 2030 Decentralised heating technologies - Germany Decentralised solar heating Decentralised... technologies - Germany Electric boilers Biogas boilers Biogas CHP Natural gas CHP Biomass CHP plants Geothermal

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 13: REmap cost supply curve for Germany*)

curve for Germany* Old capacity New, non-renewable capacity Biowaste CHP, old networks Geothermal district

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 25: Levelised cost of heating in Germany, 2030)

heating in Germany, 2030 Decentralised heating technologies - Germany Decentralised solar heating Decentralised... technologies - Germany Electric boilers Biogas boilers Biogas CHP Natural gas CHP Biomass CHP plants Geothermal

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Figure 13: REmap cost supply curve for Germany*)

curve for Germany* Old capacity New, non-renewable capacity Biowaste CHP, old networks Geothermal district

Renewable Energy in District Heating and Cooling, A sector roadmap for REmap: Chapter (Table 18: Composition of REmap and Structural Shift scenarios in Germany)

Germany Table 18: Composition of REmap and Structural Shift scenarios in Germany REmap 2030 Technology