Indonesia

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Indonesia - solar, wind and transmission infrastructure map

areas in Indonesia. the solar and wind layers have been developed and shared by 3Tier (now Vaisala). The

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 34: Global wind dataset – 5 kilometre onshore wind speed at 80-metre height units in metres per second)

Centre Rober t-Schuman-Platz 3 53175 Bonn Germany www.irena.org 96 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 34: Global wind dataset – 5 kilometre onshore wind speed at 80-metre height units in metres per second)

Centre Rober t-Schuman-Platz 3 53175 Bonn Germany www.irena.org 96 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Outlook for ASEAN: A REmap Analysis: Chapter (Figure 10: ��Solar and wind resource map from IRENA’s Global Atlas, ASEAN region)

Thailand, Indonesia SOCIO-ECONOMIC BENEFITS and Myanmar where speeds average between six and seven metres... namely Indonesia and the Philippines, have vulnerable to climate change, posing a particular threat to

Renewable Energy Outlook for ASEAN: A REmap Analysis: Chapter (Figure 10: ��Solar and wind resource map from IRENA’s Global Atlas, ASEAN region)

Thailand, Indonesia SOCIO-ECONOMIC BENEFITS and Myanmar where speeds average between six and seven metres... namely Indonesia and the Philippines, have vulnerable to climate change, posing a particular threat to
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Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 2: Overview of targets, policies and regulation for renewable energy in Indonesia)

energy in Indonesia Targets Current policy framework and instruments Regulation for 2025 Overall targets... Republic of Indonesia For indirect geothermal (power) need permit from Law No. 21/2014 Ministry of Forestry... aircraft, 2% blending MEMR No. 12/2015 (2020) mandate for 2018. 34 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 2: Overview of targets, policies and regulation for renewable energy in Indonesia)

energy in Indonesia Targets Current policy framework and instruments Regulation for 2025 Overall targets... Republic of Indonesia For indirect geothermal (power) need permit from Law No. 21/2014 Ministry of Forestry... aircraft, 2% blending MEMR No. 12/2015 (2020) mandate for 2018. 34 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Table 5.2 Potential employment creation through off-grid renewable energy)

deploy- Indonesia 2010 264 000 ment of renewable energy in some off-grid applica- tions, with a focus on

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Figure 1.4 Direct Employment in Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry (2006-2011))

employment. In Indonesia, sources are concentrated in specific regions, and high biodiesel production rose from... bulk of Indonesia’s palm oil production continues to go to food-related uses. To date, about 1% is used... cultivation in Indonesia employs anywhere from 1.7 million to 3 million people, according to different estimates,

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Figure 1.4 Direct Employment in Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry (2006-2011))

employment. In Indonesia, sources are concentrated in specific regions, and high biodiesel production rose from... bulk of Indonesia’s palm oil production continues to go to food-related uses. To date, about 1% is used... cultivation in Indonesia employs anywhere from 1.7 million to 3 million people, according to different estimates,

Renewable Energy and Jobs (2013): Chapter (Table 5.2 Potential employment creation through off-grid renewable energy)

deploy- Indonesia 2010 264 000 ment of renewable energy in some off-grid applica- tions, with a focus on

Renewable Energy Jobs and Access: Chapter (2.2. Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Access)

ex- and Indonesia. Altogether, 54% of the total population of panding rural access since the 1990s, principally

Renewable Energy Jobs and Access: Chapter (2.2. Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Access)

ex- and Indonesia. Altogether, 54% of the total population of panding rural access since the 1990s, principally

Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2017

Brazil and Indonesia. It continued to decline in China. Worldwide employment in biofuels is estimated at over... exports, Indonesia’s biodiesel production boomed again in 2016, buoyed by growing domestic demand and government... estimates Indonesia’s biofuel employment in 2016 at about 154,300 jobs, roughly double the level of the previous... calculation for Indonesia was applied to Thailand. Small holders have a 73% production share, and an average of

Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2017

Brazil and Indonesia. It continued to decline in China. Worldwide employment in biofuels is estimated at over... exports, Indonesia’s biodiesel production boomed again in 2016, buoyed by growing domestic demand and government... estimates Indonesia’s biofuel employment in 2016 at about 154,300 jobs, roughly double the level of the previous... calculation for Indonesia was applied to Thailand. Small holders have a 73% production share, and an average of
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Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 15: Energy subsidies in Indonesia, 2012-2014)

Indonesia State Action Plan to Reduce Emissions in the the total energy subsidies in Indonesia at USD... area for Indonesia. In 2005, the National Master Plan for to reduce subsidies on oil products, as the country... budget for Indonesia therefore were lowered 3.3 Energy subsidies to USD 4 billion, although it is unclear... subsidies in Indonesia were estimated at USD 27.7 billion in 2014 (about 3% of GDP), almost In 2015 the revised

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 15: Energy subsidies in Indonesia, 2012-2014)

Indonesia State Action Plan to Reduce Emissions in the the total energy subsidies in Indonesia at USD... area for Indonesia. In 2005, the National Master Plan for to reduce subsidies on oil products, as the country... budget for Indonesia therefore were lowered 3.3 Energy subsidies to USD 4 billion, although it is unclear... subsidies in Indonesia were estimated at USD 27.7 billion in 2014 (about 3% of GDP), almost In 2015 the revised

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 15: Financial indicators for renewable energy use in Indonesia, from the government perspective)

intensity in Indonesia has been declining in recent years. Between 1990 and 2010 the decline in energy intensity... 2025, Indonesia targets an annual change of -1% in energy intensity, as per the National Energy Conservation... Energi Indonesia 2014) implies that there is a significant reduction in energy used per unit of GDP.... contribute to Indonesia’s targets for reducing energy intensity as well. However, more potential for improving

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 15: Financial indicators for renewable energy use in Indonesia, from the government perspective)

intensity in Indonesia has been declining in recent years. Between 1990 and 2010 the decline in energy intensity... 2025, Indonesia targets an annual change of -1% in energy intensity, as per the National Energy Conservation... Energi Indonesia 2014) implies that there is a significant reduction in energy used per unit of GDP.... contribute to Indonesia’s targets for reducing energy intensity as well. However, more potential for improving

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 7: Supply cost for bioenergy feedstock in Indonesia in 2030, and prices of selected fossil fuel products)

feedstock in Indonesia in 2030, and prices of selected fossil fuel products USD/GJ Energy crop from non-forest... .pdf Source: supply cost figures based on IRENA estimates 52 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 24: Current range and weighted average levelised cost of electricity for various types of power generation in Indonesia)

generation in Indonesia 500 450 Weighted averag eGeneration cost for 400 fossil fuel capacit y 350 300 250... projects are Indonesia have been identified that are not included in still relatively rare in Indonesia. Furthermore,... cost for Indonesia – also considering candle nut (for biodiesel production) and sago, sugar the country’s... usage in Indonesia, including heating, power generation and Indonesia was estimated at 1 million household

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 24: Current range and weighted average levelised cost of electricity for various types of power generation in Indonesia)

generation in Indonesia 500 450 Weighted averag eGeneration cost for 400 fossil fuel capacit y 350 300 250... projects are Indonesia have been identified that are not included in still relatively rare in Indonesia. Furthermore,... cost for Indonesia – also considering candle nut (for biodiesel production) and sago, sugar the country’s... usage in Indonesia, including heating, power generation and Indonesia was estimated at 1 million household

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 7: Supply cost for bioenergy feedstock in Indonesia in 2030, and prices of selected fossil fuel products)

feedstock in Indonesia in 2030, and prices of selected fossil fuel products USD/GJ Energy crop from non-forest... .pdf Source: supply cost figures based on IRENA estimates 52 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (5 �Renewable energy potential and cost)

identified in Indonesia (see the renewable energy power potential. Java-Bali is where table 4). The potentials... generation in Indonesia. imposed by insu cient power demand nearby and/ or transmission networks. Therefore,... Total Indonesia 193.5 55.8 716.4 532.6 75.0 19.4 32.7 29.5 18.0 9.3 Sumatra 39.2 17.6 196.2... Prospects: Indonesia On-grid power capacity On-grid renewable power capacity Theoretical potential for

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (6.4 Cost of REmap Options)

rate for Indonesia is assumed and taxes and subsidies these the REmap Options are indeed viable (as shown... -6.3 Average of all sectors 1.1 -2.0 Source: IRENA analysis 64 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia
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Renewable Energy Outlook for ASEAN: A REmap Analysis: Chapter (Indonesia)

ASEAN INDONESIA Unit 2014 Reference Case 2025 REmap 2025 En er gy pr o du ct io n an d ca pa ci

Renewable Energy Outlook for ASEAN: A REmap Analysis: Chapter (Indonesia)

ASEAN INDONESIA Unit 2014 Reference Case 2025 REmap 2025 En er gy pr o du ct io n an d ca pa ci

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (6 �REmap Options for Indonesia)

OPTIONS FOR INDONESIA Key points the share of renewable energy in transport TFEC (including renewable electricity)... power in Indonesia, five regions (Java-Bali, This includes full substitution of traditional uses Kalimantan,... demand in Indonesia) cooling. there is enough available space (both land and rooftops) and demand for power... use in Indonesia’s main industry sectors and the supply potential of di erent types of bioenergy Annual

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (6 �REmap Options for Indonesia)

OPTIONS FOR INDONESIA Key points the share of renewable energy in transport TFEC (including renewable electricity)... power in Indonesia, five regions (Java-Bali, This includes full substitution of traditional uses Kalimantan,... demand in Indonesia) cooling. there is enough available space (both land and rooftops) and demand for power... use in Indonesia’s main industry sectors and the supply potential of di erent types of bioenergy Annual

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 10: Indonesia REmap 2030 overview)

Table 10: Indonesia REmap analysis overview Units 2014 Reference C REmapase Power Installed Capacity Hydropower... 0.0 0.0 24.3 Solar thermal – cooling million m2 0.0 0.0 4.9 62 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (1 �The REmap programme and REmap Indonesia)

REMAP INDONESIA 1.1 IRENA’s REmap programme percentage-point shortfall in relation to the target to ... 2016a). Indonesia’s role will be crucial to accelerate promoting accelerated renewable energy development... 2015, Indonesia set a target for the country to realise 23% of primary energy supply from modern renewable... Because Indonesia is the largest responsible for energy planning and renewable energy country in ASEAN,

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Table 10: Indonesia REmap 2030 overview)

Table 10: Indonesia REmap analysis overview Units 2014 Reference C REmapase Power Installed Capacity Hydropower... 0.0 0.0 24.3 Solar thermal – cooling million m2 0.0 0.0 4.9 62 Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (1 �The REmap programme and REmap Indonesia)

REMAP INDONESIA 1.1 IRENA’s REmap programme percentage-point shortfall in relation to the target to ... 2016a). Indonesia’s role will be crucial to accelerate promoting accelerated renewable energy development... 2015, Indonesia set a target for the country to realise 23% of primary energy supply from modern renewable... Because Indonesia is the largest responsible for energy planning and renewable energy country in ASEAN,

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 33: Total primary energy supply in Indonesia, 2014-2030)

supply in Indonesia, 2014-2030 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Reference Case REmap 2014 2030 Modern

Renewable Energy Prospects: Indonesia: Chapter (Figure 26: Primary bioenergy demand in Indonesia, 2014 and 2030)

demand in Indonesia, 2014 and 2030 PJ/year 2014 Reference Case 2030 Total: 2 064 Total: 3 310 390 716 54