China

Renewable Energy
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China - Solar and Wind maps

Republic of China. These layers, though of varying sources and quality tend to highlight very significant potential

Central Asia - Solar and Wind maps

Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan. The major datasets

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Resource map)

Resource maps Solar Source: NREL (2006) Wind Source: 3TIER (2009) Renewable Energy Prospects: China 97

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Resource map)

Resource maps Solar Source: NREL (2006) Wind Source: 3TIER (2009) Renewable Energy Prospects: China 97

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Resource map)

Resource maps Solar Source: NREL (2006) Wind Source: 3TIER (2009) Renewable Energy Prospects: China 97
Renewable Energy
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30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (CHINA)

CHINA MARKET OVERVIEW China’s wind energy sector has grown at an exceptional pace since 2005. In 2010, China became the world’s leading market for wind energy, both in terms of annual and cumulative... size. China installed 28.9% of new global capacity in 2012. By the end of 2012, China had installed 75... Spain. China has installed more wind capacity in Census, China’s total exploitable capacity for both

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2013 Edition): Chapter (CHINA)

CHINA MARKET OVERVIEW China’s wind energy sector has grown at an exceptional pace since 2005. In 2010, China became the world’s leading market for wind energy, both in terms of annual and cumulative... size. China installed 28.9% of new global capacity in 2012. By the end of 2012, China had installed 75... Spain. China has installed more wind capacity in Census, China’s total exploitable capacity for both

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2012 Edition): Chapter (CHINA)

CHINA MARKET OVERVIEW China’s wind energy sector has grown at an exceptional pace since 2005. The total... size. China installed 43% of new global capacity in 2011. By the end of 2011, China had installed 62... (MW) of China (GWEC, 2011) HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF CHINA’S other leading global wind power markets, China’s... Spain. China has installed more Census, China’s total exploitable capacity for both wind capacity in

30 Years of Policies for Wind Energy: Lessons from 12 Markets (2012 Edition): Chapter (History and evolution of China’s wind energy sector)

EVOLUTION OF CHINA’S WIND ENERGY SECTOR According to the third National Wind Energy Resources Census, China’s... (MW) of China (GWEC, 2011) CHINA MARKET OVERVIEW China’s wind energy sector has grown at an exceptional... size. China installed 43% of new global capacity in 2011. By the end of 2011, China had installed 62... facilities in China. 30 In 2011, there were a total of 29 original equipment manufacturers active in China. In

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Transport sector related policies)

PV in China and new policy developments Distributed solar PV in China deserves particular attention.... market for China. These include the need to improve the quality of equipment available, a lack of standards,... ownership as well as technical issues relating to infra- structure. 40 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Transport sector related policies)

PV in China and new policy developments Distributed solar PV in China deserves particular attention.... market for China. These include the need to improve the quality of equipment available, a lack of standards,... ownership as well as technical issues relating to infra- structure. 40 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Transport sector related policies)

PV in China and new policy developments Distributed solar PV in China deserves particular attention.... market for China. These include the need to improve the quality of equipment available, a lack of standards,... ownership as well as technical issues relating to infra- structure. 40 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Target Setting: Chapter (Box 19: Translating China’s Target into Policies: The Mandatory Market Share)

TRANSLATING CHINA’S TARGET INTO POLICIES: THE MANDATORY MARKET SHARE The 2007 Medium and Long-term Development... 2007, China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), which is responsible for energy and... policy in China introduced a mandatory market share (MMS), a policy instrument similar to U.S. Renewable... achieve China’s renewable energy targets. As of 2010, none of the six largest Chinese utilities had met

Renewable Energy Target Setting: Chapter (Box 19: Translating China’s Target into Policies: The Mandatory Market Share)

TRANSLATING CHINA’S TARGET INTO POLICIES: THE MANDATORY MARKET SHARE The 2007 Medium and Long-term Development... 2007, China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), which is responsible for energy and... policy in China introduced a mandatory market share (MMS), a policy instrument similar to U.S. Renewable... achieve China’s renewable energy targets. As of 2010, none of the six largest Chinese utilities had met

Global Bioenergy Supply and Demand Projections: A working paper for REmap 2030: Chapter (Box 3: Utilisation of biomass residues in China and relevant support policies)

residues in China and relevant support policies Promotion of bioenergy in China China’s bioenergy utilisation... after China’s Renew- able Energy Law (MOFCOM, 2005) was enacted. In 2010, production of bioethanol was... litres. China was the world’s third largest producer. Production of biogas in the same year was 15.5 billion
Renewable Energy
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Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 18: Overview of the average cost of substitution of REmap Options for the China)

TFEC of China be raised deployment of renewable energy (the REmap Options) to 26% by 2030 according to... options China, modern renewable energy in TFEC according to will not result in the least expensive overall... curves for China based on standardised international Cost-curve results by sector and technology commodity... options in China are those that substitute which is already very prevalent in China. REmap shows petroleum

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 18: Overview of the average cost of substitution of REmap Options for the China)

TFEC of China be raised deployment of renewable energy (the REmap Options) to 26% by 2030 according to... options China, modern renewable energy in TFEC according to will not result in the least expensive overall... curves for China based on standardised international Cost-curve results by sector and technology commodity... options in China are those that substitute which is already very prevalent in China. REmap shows petroleum

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 18: Overview of the average cost of substitution of REmap Options for the China)

TFEC of China be raised deployment of renewable energy (the REmap Options) to 26% by 2030 according to... options China, modern renewable energy in TFEC according to will not result in the least expensive overall... curves for China based on standardised international Cost-curve results by sector and technology commodity... options in China are those that substitute which is already very prevalent in China. REmap shows petroleum

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Details of REmap cost methodology)

coal, China was assumed to same amount of electricity are estimated, there- largely remain a domestic... natural gas China no capital costs as the capacity is assumed to be was assumed to be an importer of natural... 2010 and 2030 were used based on the IEA Asia (non-OECD) region. 92 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Technology cost and performance data assumptions)

Prospects: China 89 Capital c nversion Activity osts O&M Costs Coe ciency per year (USD / (USD / vehicle... 120000 12000 1.16 110000 Petroleum two-wheeler 3750 375 0.6 5000 90 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Summary of REmap Options: cost-supply curves)

electromobility, China; however, REmap assumes more could be done and because there are infrastructure costs associated... opportunity for China to increase the use of transport ranked in terms of their cost e ectiveness. modes that consume... changes in China’s power generation mix. As opposed to depicting the energy demand technologies (e.g., electric... of the China. 60 Renewable Energy Prospects: China Average substitution cost (USD2010/GJ TFEC)

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Renewable energy technology cost projections)

Due to China’s abundance of coal, renewable tech- 2030 is from biomass, and it has a higher share in end-... 2014, summary of data from BNEF, IRENA, IEA/NEA, GlobalData. 58 Renewable Energy Prospects: China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Details of REmap cost methodology)

coal, China was assumed to same amount of electricity are estimated, there- largely remain a domestic... natural gas China no capital costs as the capacity is assumed to be was assumed to be an importer of natural... 2010 and 2030 were used based on the IEA Asia (non-OECD) region. 92 Renewable Energy Prospects: China
Renewable Energy
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Water Use in China’s Power Sector: Impact of Renewables and Cooling Technologies to 2030

USE IN CHINA’S POWER SECTOR This brief examines the expected impact of China’s power sector on water... analyses by China Water Risk and IRENA 1, it assesses the impact of different options for China’s power mix... 2015, China Water Risk published “Towards a Water & Energy Secure China” (CWR, 2015) which explored strategies... pillar of China’s strategy to limit the environmental impact of the power sector. China leads the world in

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 16: China REmap 2030 Overview)

Table 16: China REmap 2030 overview 1. Electricity generation Unit 2012 Reference Case REmap Di erence between... Renewable Energy Prospects: China 55 Electricity Generation Installed Capacity Primary Energy (EJ/year)

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 16: China REmap 2030 Overview)

Table 16: China REmap 2030 overview 1. Electricity generation Unit 2012 Reference Case REmap Di erence between... Renewable Energy Prospects: China 55 Electricity Generation Installed Capacity Primary Energy (EJ/year)

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 16: China REmap 2030 Overview)

Table 16: China REmap 2030 overview 1. Electricity generation Unit 2012 Reference Case REmap Di erence between... Renewable Energy Prospects: China 55 Electricity Generation Installed Capacity Primary Energy (EJ/year)

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 19: Development of China CO2 emissions, 2010-2030)

Prospects: China 65 lower cost of coal used in the other sectors. Technolo- gies that utilise electricity, which in China is cheap, re- sult in the most cost savings. Developing passenger rail networks that substitute... However, China is build- ing significant infrastructure for these technologies, so only limited additional... countries, China has the largest potential in terms of an absolute reduction in emission volumes. China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 19: Development of China CO2 emissions, 2010-2030)

Prospects: China 65 lower cost of coal used in the other sectors. Technolo- gies that utilise electricity, which in China is cheap, re- sult in the most cost savings. Developing passenger rail networks that substitute... However, China is build- ing significant infrastructure for these technologies, so only limited additional... countries, China has the largest potential in terms of an absolute reduction in emission volumes. China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 19: Development of China CO2 emissions, 2010-2030)

Prospects: China 65 lower cost of coal used in the other sectors. Technolo- gies that utilise electricity, which in China is cheap, re- sult in the most cost savings. Developing passenger rail networks that substitute... However, China is build- ing significant infrastructure for these technologies, so only limited additional... countries, China has the largest potential in terms of an absolute reduction in emission volumes. China

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 18: Overview of the average cost of substitution of REmap Options for the China)

TFEC of China be raised deployment of renewable energy (the REmap Options) to 26% by 2030 according to... options China, modern renewable energy in TFEC according to will not result in the least expensive overall... curves for China based on standardised international Cost-curve results by sector and technology commodity... options in China are those that substitute which is already very prevalent in China. REmap shows petroleum

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Figure 8: Growth of the total primary energy supply in China, 1990-2030)

renewable en- China’s TFEC is projected to increase from 57 EJ in 2010 ergy trends in China between 2010 and... analysis of China. To put this Reference Case in perspective, this section begins In the Reference Case, total... timeline of China’s primary energy demand ed to more than double (by at least 5 000 TWh) from developments... supply in China, 1990-2030 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Coal Oil Gas Nuclear Hydro Bioenergy Other renewables

Renewable Energy Prospects: China: Chapter (Table 18: Overview of the average cost of substitution of REmap Options for the China)

TFEC of China be raised deployment of renewable energy (the REmap Options) to 26% by 2030 according to... options China, modern renewable energy in TFEC according to will not result in the least expensive overall... curves for China based on standardised international Cost-curve results by sector and technology commodity... options in China are those that substitute which is already very prevalent in China. REmap shows petroleum